Zairin Noor (1), Sutiman Bambang Sumitro (2),Mohammad Hidayat (3), Agus Hadian Rahim (4), Akhmad Sabarudin (5,6), and Tomonari Umemura (6)
- Department of Orthopaedics, Ulin General Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Lambung Mangkurat University, Banjarmasin 70232, Indonesia
- Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Brawijaya University, Malang 65145, Indonesia
- Department of Orthopaedics, Syaiful Anwar General Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Brawijaya University, Malang 65122, Indonesia
- Department of Orthopaedics, Hasan Sadikin Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Padjadjaran University, Bandung 40161, Indonesia
- Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Brawijaya University, Malang 65145, Indonesia
- Division of Nanomaterial Sciences, EcoTopia Science Institute, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8603, Japan
Received 31 October 2011; Accepted 25 December 2011
Academic Editor: Jameela Banu
Copyright © 2012 Zairin Noor et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Clinical research indicates that negative calcium balance is associated with low bone mass, rapid bone loss, and high fracture rates. However, some studies revealed that not only calcium is involved in bone strengthening as risk factor of fracture osteoporosis. Thus, in this report, the difference of metallic and nonmetallic elements in osteoporosis and normal bones was studied by high-resolution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (HR-ICP-MS). The influence of these elements on bone metabolic processes is also discussed. Inclusion criteria of bone samples consist of postmenopausal woman, trabecular bone fracture, normal and osteoporosis BMD value, and no history of previous disease. The results showed that the concentration of B, Al, S, V, Co, Mo, Te, Ba, La, Ni, As, and Ca/P ratio is higher in osteoporosis than normal. These atomic minerals have negative role to imbalance between bone resorption and bone formation activity. Conversely, concentrations of Na, Mg, P, K, Ca, Cr, Pd, Ag, Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn, Rb, Sr, Pb, and Se are lower in osteoporosis than in normal bones. Among these atoms, known to have important roles in bone structure, we found involvement of atomic mineral and calcium which are considerable to contribute to osteoporotic phenomena.
Full publication text : The Scientific World Journal